Myanmar is known as "Golden Land" because of the gorgeous golden temples throughout the country, because of the rich of minerals, natural products and the hospitality of the people here. With its capital, Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar is also famous for its Southeast Asian commercial city, Yangon, also known as the city of the famous Shwedagon and the golden pagoda population. This article will introduce Myanmar, about the life and people of Myanmar.
Should it be called the land of Burma or Myanmar? The exact name of this country is Myanmar. Burmar is only an ethnic group in the majority of the population, as we often call the Kinh for the majority of Vietnamese people. Across the territory, there are 135 ethnic groups living together, and the uniqueness of culture, clothing and human personality blends together to create a harmonious blend of Myanmar.
Myanmar is a Southeast Asian country located in the northwest of the Sino-Indian Peninsula. It is the second largest country in Southeast Asia, bordering Bangladesh, India, China, Laos and Thailand. With a total area of 677,000 square meters, this country is equivalent to the total area of England and France. Myanmar covers 2051 km from north to south and about 936 km from east to west, with 2243 km of coastline bordering the Indian Ocean. More than 50% of Burma's territory is surrounded by forests. With a population of about 60 million people, the population density of Myanmar is 70 people per km2.
The highlands are located from north to south. The south is the lower elevation of the delta. Geographical features of Myanmar can be divided into four categories: the highlands to the east, the high ridges to the west, the central plains and the coastal Rakhine. The four major rivers are the Ayeyarwaddy River, the Thanlwin River, the Chindwin River and the Sittaung River. Considered as the main flow of water through this land, the Ayeyarwaddy River - the longest river in Myanmar - plays a very important role in the lives of the Burmese people throughout its 1238 km flowing lengths.
Myanmar is in tropical climates with three distinct seasons: summer, rainy and cold seasons. Summer begins from March to mid May, rainy season from mid May to October, the rest is cold season.
Myanmar is the official language, and English is also widely spoken in schools and is widely used in the community. In large cities, Chinese and Tibetan are also commonly used.
More than 80% of Myanmar's population is Buddhist, some are Christian and Muslim. Religious freedom is respected in Myanmar.
The first dynasty of Myanmar was the reign of King Anawrahta in the eleventh century. Thanks to wise leadership, King Anawrahta united and expanded his influence throughout Burma. This flourishing dynasty collapsed at the end of the 13th century after being invaded by the Mongols. More than 20 years later, the Burmans reestablished their kingdom and began to flourish. The second dynasty with the capital Bago was built in the 16th century by King Bayinnaung. The 3rd dynasty was also the last dynasty of the empire established by King Alaungpaya in 1752. However, under development of the colonial regime in the nineteenth century, Burma lost much of its territory to the British after the defeat of the Anglo-Burden wars of 1825, 1852 and 1885. During World War II, Burma temporarily became a Japanese colony for three years before being liberated by the Allies in 1945. From January 4, 1948, Burma was officially recognized as an independent nation. The name we know today: the Republic of the Union of Myanmar.
Myanmar is an agricultural country, once known as the "Asian Rice Bowl." Rice is also the main food and the most important export crop of this country. Teak and wood products are also exploited in Myanmar thanks to the large forest area. Gem mining industry such as diamonds, as well as minerals, oil and gas, have also grown significantly and contributed significantly to the economic development of the country. The Myanmar people are known for their friendliness, diligence and generosity.